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Assessing and promoting civil and minority rights in South Africa.

Herewith basic information on the Republic of South Africa. Should you require more specific statistics or information, please inform us via the ‘Contact us’ page. The information will be updated on an ongoing basis. We extend our gratitude to the sources cited below.

Size 1 219 090 km2
Capitals Pretoria (administrative) Cape Town (legislative) Bloemfontein (judicial)
Provinces Nine:
Population 55 910 000 (mid 2016 estimate)
Time GMT / UTC +2 hours
Official languages 11 Languages Language First language speakers as % of population
Religion Religious freedom guaranteed by Constitution
Government Constitutional multiparty, three-tier (local, provincial, national) democracy
Next national election 2019
Judicial system The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa is the supreme law of the country
Currency Rand (ZAR) – 100 cents equals one rand
Key economic sectors Mining, transport, energy, manufacturing, tourism, agriculture
Top 5 export destinations Germany – 8.8%; China – 8.7%; US – 6.2%; India – 4.6%; Botswana – 4.4% (March 2017)
Top 5 import destinations China – 15.3%; Germany – 14.7%; USA – 8.6%; India – 5.2%; Saudi Arabia – 4.9% (March 2017)
Human Development Index 116th in world (2015 estimate) at medium development level
GDP 0.3% q/q (4th quarter of 2016)
GDP 2015 In 2015 the GDP had a value of 312.80 billion US dollars
Unemployment rate 26.5% (official rate) in the 4th quarter of 2016
Inflation rate
Value-added tax Levied at 14%.
Foreign relations Significant international memberships
Calling code +27
ISO 3166 code ZA
Internet TLD .za
South Africa at a Glance
55 910 000 (mid 2016 estimate)
6.1% y/y in March 2017 (CPI) & +5.2% y/y in March 2017 (PPI)
0.3% q/q for the 4th quarter of 2016
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